By Gwendolyn Leick
This Dictionary offers a finished survey of the full variety of historic close to jap structure from the Neolithic around huts in Palestine to the enormous temples of Ptolemaic Egypt. Gwendolyn Leick examines the improvement of the central forms of historic structure inside of their geographical and old context, and describes positive aspects of significant websites reminiscent of Ur, Nineveh and Babylon, in addition to a few of the lesser-known websites. She additionally covers the diversities of ordinary historic architectural constructions similar to pyramids, tombs and homes, information the development fabric and methods hired, and clarifies professional terminology.
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture
Bamah: isometric reconstruction (after Barrois) BASTAM (ANCIENT RUSA URUTUR) Bastam (ancient Rusa Urutur) Iran, see map p. xviii. Urartian town and citadel founded by King Rusa II (between 685 and 645 BC) and destroyed at the end of the 6th C BC. The citadel (850m× 400m) was entered by a great gateway with flanking towers and surrounded by a buttressed stone wall (5m high) which was surmounted by a mudbrick superstructure. Next to the gate was a large hall with fourteen columns holding up the roof.
Traces of wall-paintings have been found, featuring a procession of officials. The ‘White Building’ in level II had massive mudbrick walls and a barrel-vaulted ceiling. , Iraq Supplement 6–7 (1944–45); 8 (1946) aqueduct Artificial channel to transport water over certain distances to ensure supply in arid places. An aqueduct consists of a brick or stone bed or canal, bridges and tunnels, which overcome the different levels of the terrain. Best known is the one of NINEVEH, built by Sennacherib (704– 681 BC).
But it appears that temples, for instance, could have several storeys, or that their main hall was higher than the surrounding rooms. ARCHITRAVE Pylon, relief on the temple walls at Edfu Assyrian palace-reliefs feature townscapes, fortresses and temples from various parts of the empire, such as the shield-hung, spear-crowned temple of Musasir and the crenellated forts of Urartu or Elam. Egyptian architectural representations on papyri, tomb-paintings and templereliefs represent mainly examples of domestic architecture: brightly painted columns and garlanded interiors.
A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Architecture by Gwendolyn Leick