By Thomas Rowland
Excerpt from A Grammar of the Welsh Language in keeping with the main licensed platforms: With Copious Examples From essentially the most right Welsh Writers
This Essay, independently of its intrinsic worthy, benefits nice compliment, as being the 1st typical try and clarify the foundations of Welsh Syntax. In giving definitions of issues belonging to common Grammar, and in displaying correspondence of idiom among the Welsh and the Latin and Greek languages, a lot aid was once additionally derived from Zumpt, Key, Arnold, Matthiæ, and Kühner.
All will permit Welsh Grammar, greater to any of these which were hitherto released, is especially a lot wanted; yet even if the current paintings surpasses its predecessors, has to be made up our minds via the reader. it is going to be noticeable, there isn't any doubt, that many deficiencies exist during this construction, and that its shortcomings are a variety of. even if, should still a moment variation be known as for, it truly is was hoping that those deficiencies will be amended, error rectified, and plenty of observations further that have now been passed over, owing in part to wish of time, and partially to need of data. And with this view it'd be deemed a kindness if Welsh critics could, both publicly or privately, favour me with tricks, emendations, and feedback, in order that i could be enabled to ship forth a moment version extra systematic, extra excellent, and extra complete.
It is my responsibility to nation that i'm less than very nice tasks to the Rev. Thomas Briscoe, B. D., Vice-Principal and teach of Jesus collage, Oxford, for the type tips he has rendered me, either in having a look over the paintings sooner than it used to be despatched to the Printer, and in correcting the proof-sheets whereas passing throughout the press. have been it now not for him, and the Rev. William Briscoe, M. A., Fellow of Jesus university, it really is uncertain no matter if the booklet might ever were released: and if the reader derives any enjoy the Grammar, he, without doubt, will sign up for me in acknowledging our gratitude to those Gentlemen.
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Extra resources for A grammar of the Welsh language, based on the most approved systems, with copious examples from some of the most correct Welsh writers
A) Pn, Xouns having a pc^c^•. 'D\vrn,afst. C\sr, h) a corner. w Trch, a or y as a bag. Nouns having o or gender often denoted their final vowel are masculine. Ufa, /lofif. T>\^ir, uater. C'wd, tlieir T\ a, Byd, world. appearance. Br^n, a bank. CÌyf, Byd, food. length. disease. e for their final vowel are of the feminine gender. Gwên, a smile. Sêdd, a scat. Gen, a chin. Gwlédd, a banquet. Lief, a cry. Nèî, hearcn. Cod, a bag. are not susceptible of any kind of classification, bemg used indifferently in masculines or feminines.
Nh : cynhicrf, not cynnhwrf. —When words begin with Cyssou (cys-son), let cys s, Cyssefin consistent. precede thcni. i), primary. A branch of the New School adopts cy in preference to cym, cyn, It is, however, very doubtful whether it may be correctly used for cym and cijn, as cy has a tendency to govern the labials in the middle, and the dentals in the asp. sound. Cy/rad (cy-6rad; cy/oli (a) and cys. (cy-)iioli) ; cyi/awfl (cy-irwfl, 92. Cy. fr. trouble). —When words sounds of g and c, let cy begin with ng and ngh, the nasal precede them.
Gosgonld (gos-cordd = L. retinue. (cj'-ysgod Cysgod = Gr. cohorte), a (r/córos), a shadow. Dysgweiui (dys-gweini), to administer. followed by words beginning radically with "b sound. h or p, they prefer the Asborth (as-porth), supijort. Ysbryd (=L. spiritus), a spirit. Ysbwrial (ys-bwrw), refuse. Cysbod (cys-bod), to co-exist. Cysbwyll (cys-pwyll), consideration. Disbrofi (dis-profi), to disprove. Dosbarth (dos-parth), a class. Gosbeii (gos-peu), a particular. Hysbysu (=:L. expositiLS Ì) to inform.
A grammar of the Welsh language, based on the most approved systems, with copious examples from some of the most correct Welsh writers by Thomas Rowland