By Louise McNally, Christopher Kennedy
During this quantity major researchers current new paintings at the semantics and pragmatics of adjectives and adverbs, and their interfaces with syntax. Its issues contain the semantics of gradability; the connection among adjectival scales and verbal element; the connection among which means and the positions of adjectives and adverbs in nominal and verbal projections; and the fine-grained semantics of alternative subclasses of adverbs and adverbs. Its ambitions are to supply a finished imaginative and prescient of the linguistically major structural and interpretive houses of adjectives and adverbs, to spotlight the similarities among those different types, and to sign the significance of a cautious and unique integration of lexical and compositional semantics. The editors open the publication with an summary of present examine prior to introducing and contextualizing the rest chapters. The paintings is geared toward students and complex scholars of syntax, semantics, formal pragmatics, and discourse. it is going to additionally attract researchers in philosophy, psycholinguistics, and language acquisition drawn to the syntax and semantics of adjectives and adverbs.
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Extra resources for Adjectives and Adverbs: Syntax, Semantics, and Discourse (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)
After reviewing some basic arguments for and against each type of approach, Wyner turns to establishing certain parallelisms between the conditions governing intersentential anaphora involving VPs and clauses and those governing the distribution and interpretation of factive and manner adverbs (such as stupidly and quickly, respectively). Wyner argues that a ﬂexible types analysis for these adverbs can account for this parallelism, while a ﬁxed types analysis cannot, thus showing how facts about the discourse context can be brought to bear on decisions about the syntax and semantics of adverbs.
33) Ordinal > Cardinal > Subject Comment > Evidential > Size > Length > Height > Speed > Depth > Width > Temperature > Wetness > Age > Shape > Color > Nationality/Origin > Material Laenzlinger (2005) suggests that Scott’s inventory (with minor reﬁnements) can be organized into ﬁve subdivisions, as given in (34). (34) [quantif Ordinal > Cardinal] > [speak-orient Subject Comment > Evidential] > [scalar phys. prop. Size > Length > Height > Speed > Depth > Width] > [measure Weight > Temperature > Wetness > Age] > [non-scalar phys.
Independent investigation shows that the former is much more common than the latter. See for example Hawkins (1983: 119), who lists seven Num-N-Adj-Dem languages and no Num-N-Dem-Adj ones. For a detailed analysis of this order in Semitic languages see Shlonsky (2004). 3? I suggest that Dem, Num, and Adj are generally to be thought of as phrasal modiﬁers of functional projections in the DP. Demonstratives may lexicalize to D heads, and the numeral “one” in particular often seems to lexicalize as a head.
Adjectives and Adverbs: Syntax, Semantics, and Discourse (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics) by Louise McNally, Christopher Kennedy