By K. Martens
NGOs and the United international locations unearths how NGOs have replaced their interplay with the UN because the mid-1990s. It additionally seems to be at how their illustration to the UN, their consultative prestige and their attribute positive factors impression their dating with the UN. The case reports contain the most well known gamers at the overseas scene, resembling Amnesty foreign, Human Rights Watch, CARE foreign and Oxfam foreign.
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Additional info for NGOs and the United Nations: Institutionalization, Professionalization and Adaptation
Moreover, headquarters have the capacity to develop structures within the organization for its UN-related matters. As managerial processes remain in the international office, centralist NGOs reserve the power to decide on the establishment or expansion of NGO Institutionalization 29 their international representation. Thus it is easy for centralist NGOs to ensure their representation at the UN level: they are likely to establish offices in major UN locations related to their field of activity and equip them with full-time professionals.
It is here understood as the specialization of a person within the organization to represent the NGO at the UN level. Institutionalization as an external demand During the 1970s, dominant perspectives changed to emphasize the impact of external demands on the performance of societal actors. Instead of focusing on hierarchic structures and working processes within the organizations, research on social movement organizations NGO Institutionalization 23 applied the new institutionalist’s perspective which highlighted the pressures deriving from external forces, and scholars explored the role played by institutional environments in determining organizations’ behaviour (Finnemore 1996: 329; Hall and Taylor 1996: 946).
McCarthy, Britt and Wolfson (1991: 52), for example, refer to the tax-exempt status for organizations, which provides for recognition by an authority and supports recognized organizations with certain rights. Similarly, McCarthy and McPhail (1998: 87) refer to the legal context in which societal activism takes place. 13 Institutionalization is thus the process of creating permanent rules for activities between societal actors and official institutions. It encompasses compliance with a body of law describing such regulation of activities.
NGOs and the United Nations: Institutionalization, Professionalization and Adaptation by K. Martens