By Edwin Williams
During this theoretical monograph, Edwin Williams demonstrates that once syntax is cost-efficient, it economizes on form distortion instead of on distance. based on Williams, this new thought of economic system demands a brand new structure for the grammatical system--in truth, for a brand new concept of derivation. the recent structure bargains a method of clausal embedding--the point Embedding Scheme--that predictively ties jointly the locality, reconstructive habit, and "target" style of any syntactic method in a manner that's special to the version. Williams calls his conception "Representation conception" to place the inspiration of economic system on the leading edge. Syntax, during this conception, is a chain of representations of 1 sublanguage in one other.
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During this theoretical monograph, Edwin Williams demonstrates that once syntax is reasonably priced, it economizes on form distortion instead of on distance. in accordance with Williams, this new suggestion of economic system demands a brand new structure for the grammatical system--in truth, for a brand new proposal of derivation.
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Additional resources for Representation Theory (Current Studies in Linguistics)
Many questions about this model and its di¤erences from standard models are still unaddressed. Though most of them will remain so, I will take up two fundamental questions in chapters 3 and 4. First, there is the issue of embedding: how is clausal embedding accomplished in RT? ) are ‘‘rechristened’’ as theta objects, which can then enter into theta relations in TS. This account would preserve the obvious relation to standard minimalist practice and its antecedents back to Syntactic Structures (Chomsky 1957).
If, on the other hand, minden ﬁlmet is not a Focus, as in (38b), then it must move in order to take wide scope; the reason is that the match with FS will not be improved by not moving, whereas the match with QS will be. In other words, for (38b) the following three structures will be in competition with each other: (42) Leaving CS representation aside, (42b) and (42c) are clearly superior to (42a), as (42a) has a misrepresentation of QS. But (42b) and (42c) represent di¤erent meanings: (42b) has wide scope for QPi and (42c) for QPj .
The form in (11a) is valid not just when the Focus is the shifted NP, but in fact as long as the Focus is clause ﬁnal in the shifted structure, whether or not the shifted NP is the Focus itself. It is valid both for Focuses smaller than the shifted NP and for Focuses larger than the shifted NP, as the following observations will establish. First, the licensing Focus can be a subpart of the shifted NP. (12) A: John gave all the money in some container to Mary. What container? B: (11a) John gave to Mary all of the money in the SATCHEL.
Representation Theory (Current Studies in Linguistics) by Edwin Williams